To fly a plane with a tail-wheel rather than a plane with a nose-wheel (tricycle gear), you are required to have an endorsement from a certificated flight instructor that you have received the appropriate flight training.
Tail wheel aircraft have their CG behind the main wheels, which makes them more challenging to ground-handle, take-off, and land. It is very important to keep the aircraft aligned with the runway during the take-off and landing phase; if not, exciting things can happen! We explain why this happens and how to safely manage these situations.
Additional training required for operating tail-wheel airplanes.
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (i)(2) of this section, no person may act as pilot in command of a tail-wheel airplane unless that person has received and logged flight training from an authorized instructor in a tail-wheel airplane and received an endorsement in the person’s logbook from an authorized instructor who found the person proficient in the operation of a tail-wheel airplane. The flight training must include at least the following maneuvers and procedures:
(i) Normal and crosswind takeoffs and landings;
(ii) Wheel landings (unless the manufacturer has recommended against such landings); and
(iii) Go-around procedures.